Interaction of tomato yellow leaf curl virus with diverse betasatellites enhances symptom severity

Interaction of tomato yellow leaf curl virus with diverse betasatellites enhances symptom severity The complete nucleotide sequence was determined for a begomovirus isolated from tomato exhibiting leaf curling and yellowing symptoms in Tochigi Prefecture in Japan. The genome organization of this virus was similar to those of other Old World monopartite begomoviruses. Neither a DNA betasatellite nor a DNA-B component was detected. It had the highest total nucleotide sequence identity (99%) with tomato yellow leaf curl virus-Israel(Japan:Tosa:2005) (TYLCV-IL(JR:Tos:05)) and TYLCV-Israel(Japan:Haruno:2005) (TYLCV-IL(JR:Han:05)). Its coat protein V1 also showed an identical amino acid sequence with those of TYLCV-IL(JR:Tos:05) and TYLCV-IL(JR:Han:05). Thus, the begomovirus was determined to be an isolate of TYLCV-IL designated as TYLCV-Israel(Japan:Tochigi:2007) (TYLCV-IL(JR:Toc:07)). We investigated the interaction of TYLCV-IL(JR:Toc:07) with two known satellites associated with tomato yellow dwarf disease in Japan, tobacco leaf curl Japan betasatellite (Japan:Ibaraki:2006) and honeysuckle yellow vein mosaic betasatellite (Japan:Nara:2006), as well as with tomato leaf curl Philippines betasatellite (Philippines:Laguna1:2008), in tomato and Nicotiana benthamiana plants. TYLCV-IL(JR:Toc:07) trans-replicated these betasatellites, inducing more severe tomato yellow leaf curl disease-related symptoms than TYLCV-IL(JR:Toc:07) alone. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Interaction of tomato yellow leaf curl virus with diverse betasatellites enhances symptom severity

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Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
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