The flow around a circular cylinder with a cross-section variation is experimentally investigated. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to scrutinize the interaction of the cylinder’s wall with its near wake. The Reynolds number based on the cylinder’s diameter and freestream velocity is 80 × 103, corresponding to the upper subcritical flow regime. At a forcing Strouhal number of St f = 0.02, the maximum vorticity level around the cylinder is reduced by more than 50% as compared to its uncontrolled value. The topology of the bulk flow confined between the primary vortical structure and the cylinder surface is modified resulting in substantial drag reduction.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 26, 2008
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