It is generally accepted that the stationary wind circulation in the lower layer of a two-layer sea is negligibly weak even if the bottom topography is taken into account. This opinion is true for the oceanic scales where the bottom topography has no global slope along the meridian. However, in the case of circulation in closed and semiclosed seas, the trenchlike structure of the bottom topography together with the beta-effect can significantly affect the intensity of currents in the bottom layer of the sea. In the present work, we use a simple model to consider an example of intensification of deep-water wind-induced circulation under the influence of the meridional slope of the bottom. The discovered effect enables us, in particular, to make an assumption that the deep-water circulation in the Black Sea is much more intense than it was supposed earlier.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2005
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