Physical Oceanography, Vol. 15, No. 4, 2005
INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF ECONOMIC-ECOLOGICAL
I. E. Timchenko and E. M. Igumnova
We propose an information technology of integrated management of sea–land systems contain-
ing 17 correlated biochemical processes and an economic model of industry consuming biologi-
cal, mineral, and ecological marine resources. Both models are constructed by the method of
adaptive balance of causes (ABC-method) and contain intelligent management agents. The tech-
nology of integrated management includes the resource rent, environmental-protection taxes, and
ecological fines. We consider an example of integrated management for simulated external ac-
tions upon the marine ecosystem and the land-based economic system.
The term integrated management is extensively used in the scientific literature devoted to the problems of
stable development of social economic-ecological systems [1–4]. Integrated management is based on the appli-
cation of information on the averaged (aggregated) processes of development in making the decisions required to
attain the specified general aims. In view of the complexity and variety of genetic relations determining the dy-
namics of economic-ecological systems, it becomes necessary to construct simplified models of management in
which the actual processes are integrated according to certain principles. The efficiency of this approach de-
pends on the choice of the principles of aggregation and the efficiency of their realization in specific models.
The natural-economic sea–land complexes are, in fact, complicated economic-ecological systems combin-
ing marine media and dry land. Marine media are used as sources of various natural resources consumed by the
population of the territory in the process of economic activity. The integrated management of sea–land systems
aimed at the solution of general problems of primary importance should be regarded as a necessary initial stage
of management. The basic principle of integrated management of these and similar systems is to determine and
maintain the required balance between the economic benefits obtained as a result of consumption of natural re-
sources of marine media and the necessity of preservation of natural biological and physicochemical properties
of these media.
In [2, 3], the concept of dynamic balance (one of the principal concepts of systems analysis) was used as a
basis of a new information technology of management of economic-ecological systems. The numerical simula-
tions performed in these works reveal the possibility of preservation of the parameters of ecological state of mar-
ine media at certain fixed levels by applying economic sanctions to the land-based sources of anthropogenic in-
fluence. The most difficult problem of integrated management is connected with the necessity of creation of dy-
namic models of economic-ecological systems capable of the adaptation of predicted scenarios of fundamentally
different processes running in the economic system and marine media to the actual conditions.
The aim of the present work is to combine the results of adaptive simulation of the processes running in
marine ecosystems with the technology of control over the production processes based on the consumption of
marine resources. Parallel with the ecological monitoring of the environment, the technology of integrated man-
Marine Hydrophysical Institute, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Sevastopol.
Translated from Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal, No.
59–76, July–August, 2005. Original article submitted November 26,
2003; revision submitted February 3, 2004.
0928-5105/05/1504–0247 © 2005 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 247