Chromatic dispersion from optical fiber is the most important problem that produces temporal skews and destroys the rectangular structure of code patterns in the spectra-amplitude-coding optical code-division multiple-access (SAC-OCDMA) system. Thus, the balance detection does not work perfectly and the system performance will be degraded. In order to improve the distortion, we apply cascaded Mach–Zehnder interferometers (MZIs) to design a dispersion slope equalizer for the SAC-OCDMA system integrated with arrayed-waveguide grating (AWG) router coder. The dispersion slopes of a cascaded MZI compensator could be adjusted by the arm length differences of MZIs and be complementary with the fiber links. In this study, we present a set of length differences for 10 km long single-mode fiber (SMF) and verify the compensation scheme by relative delay time slope and signal-to-interference ratio (SIR). The dispersion slope equalizer with perfect complementary slope successfully compensates the dispersion from SMF and the system performance with dispersion slope equalizer is highly improved.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 19, 2009
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