Instrumented Indentation of Carbides in a Martensitic Matrix and in a Sintered Sample

Instrumented Indentation of Carbides in a Martensitic Matrix and in a Sintered Sample Niobium carbide (NbC) has high wear and corrosion resistance and retains these characteristics at high temperatures. In industrial applications, as well as in academia, NbC can be found in various configurations, such as carbides dispersed in the microstructure of steel or as sintered components. The aim of this study is to use the instrumented indentation (nanoindentation) technique to evaluate the properties of carbides present in the martensitic matrix of a cast steel or as a sintered specimen. In the case of the cast alloy, the sample had an MC-type carbide volume fraction of approximately 5%. In the second case, the NbC specimen was sintered using spark-plasma sintering (SPS). Additional specimen characterization was conducted using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Nanoindentation analyses were conducted with loads up to 10 mN, allowing hardness impressions with dimensions significantly smaller than the size of the carbides in the cast specimens. The results indicated relatively uniform values of 22 GPa and 348 GPa for the hardness and reduced elastic modulus of the sintered specimen, respectively. The EDX analysis results of the cast specimen indicated that the MC-type carbides had regions with different chemical compositions. Differences in the carbide chemical compositions were also observed when different regions of the cast specimen were compared. Nevertheless, similar properties were obtained in all regions, with a trend for the carbides in the cast specimen to present a higher hardness and lower modulus than those in the sintered specimen. Experimental Mechanics Springer Journals

Instrumented Indentation of Carbides in a Martensitic Matrix and in a Sintered Sample

Loading next page...
Springer US
Copyright © 2017 by Society for Experimental Mechanics
Engineering; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices; Structural Mechanics; Vibration, Dynamical Systems, Control; Classical Mechanics
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial