Insights into the synergy of zero-valent iron and copper oxide in persulfate oxidation of Orange G solutions

Insights into the synergy of zero-valent iron and copper oxide in persulfate oxidation of Orange... The degradation of Orange G (OG) by persulfate (PS, S2O8 2−) activated with dual catalysts that combined zero-valent iron (ZVI) and copper oxide (CuO) was investigated through batch experiments. Effects of pH, initial OG concentration, persulfate dosages, and dosages of dual catalysts on OG degradation were also examined. Higher persulfate concentration and catalysts dosages resulted in higher OG degrading rates. The OG degradation was higher under acidic conditions (pH 3.0 and 5.0) when compared to alkaline conditions. The constituents and the morphology of the catalysts coating before and after reaction were also investigated with X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Radical mechanism was studied and three radical scavengers [methanol (MA), tert-butanol (TBA), phenol] were used to determine the type of major active species taking part in the degradation of OG. It was assumed that the $${\text{SO}}_{4}^{ \cdot - }$$ SO 4 · - or $${\text{HO}} \cdot$$ HO · played a major role in the OG degradation. In conclusion, the ZVI/CuO/PS system is a good candidate for use in detoxifying water contaminants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Insights into the synergy of zero-valent iron and copper oxide in persulfate oxidation of Orange G solutions

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-015-2035-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The degradation of Orange G (OG) by persulfate (PS, S2O8 2−) activated with dual catalysts that combined zero-valent iron (ZVI) and copper oxide (CuO) was investigated through batch experiments. Effects of pH, initial OG concentration, persulfate dosages, and dosages of dual catalysts on OG degradation were also examined. Higher persulfate concentration and catalysts dosages resulted in higher OG degrading rates. The OG degradation was higher under acidic conditions (pH 3.0 and 5.0) when compared to alkaline conditions. The constituents and the morphology of the catalysts coating before and after reaction were also investigated with X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Radical mechanism was studied and three radical scavengers [methanol (MA), tert-butanol (TBA), phenol] were used to determine the type of major active species taking part in the degradation of OG. It was assumed that the $${\text{SO}}_{4}^{ \cdot - }$$ SO 4 · - or $${\text{HO}} \cdot$$ HO · played a major role in the OG degradation. In conclusion, the ZVI/CuO/PS system is a good candidate for use in detoxifying water contaminants.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 17, 2015

References

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