Insights into the mechanisms of nucleation and growth of C–S–H on fillers

Insights into the mechanisms of nucleation and growth of C–S–H on fillers A complete understanding of the mechanisms upon which a filler acts in a cement-based material, e.g. as a C–S–H nucleation and/or growth-inducing factor, is of high importance. Although various studies report on accelerated cement hydration in the presence of fillers, the reason behind these observations is not completely understood yet. This work contributes to this subject, by providing an experimental evidence on the (electro) chemical aspects of the filler surface modification in the model solution, simulating the pore solution of cement paste. The nature of the various interactions with regard to the affinity of a filler surface towards C–S–H nucleation and growth was discussed in detail in this work with regard to zeta potential measurements of micronized sand and limestone particles in the model solutions. These results are further supported by microscopic observations of morphology and distribution of hydration products on the filler surfaces, together with considerations on thermodynamic principles in view of hydration products formation and distribution. The C–S–H nucleation and growth appeared to be due to the interactions between a filler surface and calcium ions in the pore solution. These interactions were determined by the chemical nature of the filler surface. The interaction mechanisms were found to be governed by relatively weak electrostatic forces in the case of micronized sand. This was reflected by a non-significant adsorption of calcium ions on the filler surface, resulting in non-uniformly distributed and less stable C–S–H nuclei. In contrast, the nucleation and growth of C–S–H on limestone particles were predominantly determined by donor–acceptor mechanisms, following moderate acid–base interactions. Consequently, a strong chemical bonding of calcium ions to a limestone surface resulted in a large amount of uniformly distributed C–S–H nuclei. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Materials and Structures Springer Journals

Insights into the mechanisms of nucleation and growth of C–S–H on fillers

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/insights-into-the-mechanisms-of-nucleation-and-growth-of-c-s-h-on-fHyKk19kSJ
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Engineering; Structural Mechanics; Materials Science, general; Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment; Civil Engineering; Building Materials
ISSN
1359-5997
eISSN
1871-6873
D.O.I.
10.1617/s11527-017-1082-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A complete understanding of the mechanisms upon which a filler acts in a cement-based material, e.g. as a C–S–H nucleation and/or growth-inducing factor, is of high importance. Although various studies report on accelerated cement hydration in the presence of fillers, the reason behind these observations is not completely understood yet. This work contributes to this subject, by providing an experimental evidence on the (electro) chemical aspects of the filler surface modification in the model solution, simulating the pore solution of cement paste. The nature of the various interactions with regard to the affinity of a filler surface towards C–S–H nucleation and growth was discussed in detail in this work with regard to zeta potential measurements of micronized sand and limestone particles in the model solutions. These results are further supported by microscopic observations of morphology and distribution of hydration products on the filler surfaces, together with considerations on thermodynamic principles in view of hydration products formation and distribution. The C–S–H nucleation and growth appeared to be due to the interactions between a filler surface and calcium ions in the pore solution. These interactions were determined by the chemical nature of the filler surface. The interaction mechanisms were found to be governed by relatively weak electrostatic forces in the case of micronized sand. This was reflected by a non-significant adsorption of calcium ions on the filler surface, resulting in non-uniformly distributed and less stable C–S–H nuclei. In contrast, the nucleation and growth of C–S–H on limestone particles were predominantly determined by donor–acceptor mechanisms, following moderate acid–base interactions. Consequently, a strong chemical bonding of calcium ions to a limestone surface resulted in a large amount of uniformly distributed C–S–H nuclei.

Journal

Materials and StructuresSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 23, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off