Insight, Global Functioning and Psychopathology Amongst In-patient Clients with Schizophrenia

Insight, Global Functioning and Psychopathology Amongst In-patient Clients with Schizophrenia To explore whether cognitive impairment and global functioning can predict the degree of insight into illness as well as whether insight is mediated by specific symptom dimensions of psychopathology in schizophrenia. A dimensional/cross sectional approach was used. A mixed group of clients (n = 36) were assessed as part of a routine clinical evaluation. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) was used as a measure of intellectual performance, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) was used as a measure of general psychopathology while the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale assessed clients’ psychosocial functioning; insight was assessed with the Insight and Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire (ITAQ). The correlation matrix of all outcome variables was examined; confounding effects of illness duration were tested by partial correlation analyses. GAF correlated with insight (ρ = 0.41, P = 0.01) and the interpersonal sensitivity dimension of BSI (ρ = −0.38, P = 0.03. Insight correlated positively with the anxiety (ρ = 0.38, P = 0.03) and psychoticism (ρ = 0.36, P = 0.04) dimensions of BSI. Our results suggest that insight is part of the phenomenology in schizophrenia, not being determined by neurocognitive disturbances. Improved insight was associated with more frequent psychotic symptoms endorsement, higher levels of anxiety and less severe psychopathological symptoms and difficulties in psychosocial functioning; clients with more pronounced difficulties in their personal and social interactions exhibited worse psychosocial functioning and more severe psychopathological symptoms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatric Quarterly Springer Journals

Insight, Global Functioning and Psychopathology Amongst In-patient Clients with Schizophrenia

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/insight-global-functioning-and-psychopathology-amongst-in-patient-aZIdBlh2R5
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry; Public Health; Sociology, general
ISSN
0033-2720
eISSN
1573-6709
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11126-009-9103-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To explore whether cognitive impairment and global functioning can predict the degree of insight into illness as well as whether insight is mediated by specific symptom dimensions of psychopathology in schizophrenia. A dimensional/cross sectional approach was used. A mixed group of clients (n = 36) were assessed as part of a routine clinical evaluation. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) was used as a measure of intellectual performance, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) was used as a measure of general psychopathology while the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale assessed clients’ psychosocial functioning; insight was assessed with the Insight and Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire (ITAQ). The correlation matrix of all outcome variables was examined; confounding effects of illness duration were tested by partial correlation analyses. GAF correlated with insight (ρ = 0.41, P = 0.01) and the interpersonal sensitivity dimension of BSI (ρ = −0.38, P = 0.03. Insight correlated positively with the anxiety (ρ = 0.38, P = 0.03) and psychoticism (ρ = 0.36, P = 0.04) dimensions of BSI. Our results suggest that insight is part of the phenomenology in schizophrenia, not being determined by neurocognitive disturbances. Improved insight was associated with more frequent psychotic symptoms endorsement, higher levels of anxiety and less severe psychopathological symptoms and difficulties in psychosocial functioning; clients with more pronounced difficulties in their personal and social interactions exhibited worse psychosocial functioning and more severe psychopathological symptoms.

Journal

Psychiatric QuarterlySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 13, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off