Insertion of a retroviral solo long terminal repeat in mdr-3 locus disrupts mRNA splicing in mice

Insertion of a retroviral solo long terminal repeat in mdr-3 locus disrupts mRNA splicing in mice Previously, the abermectin-induced neurotoxicity of subpopulation of CF-1 mice was shown to be caused by the deficiency of mdr-3 P-glycoprotein. Here, we have characterized the molecular nature of the mdr-3 gene mutation in this subpopulation of CF-1 mice. The size of mdr-3 mRNA transcript from ivermectin-sensitive mutant mice was different from that of wild-type mice. Sequence analysis of RT-PCR products isolated from the mutant brain disclosed that the exon 23 of the mdr-3 gene is deleted or altered in the transcripts. The analysis of the genomic locus revealed an insertion of a solo long terminal repeat (LTR) of the ecotropic murine leukemia virus in the reverse orientation in the intron of the mdr-3 gene, causing abnormal splicing and thereby disrupting the mdr-3 gene function. In addition, histopathological analysis of the brains of the ivermectin-treated mutants revealed selective neuronal degeneration in the hippocampal CA3 region. This is the first reported case of a gene mutation induced by a solo retroviral LTR with a phenotypic consequence in the mouse, and may provide new insights into the understanding of the effects of viral solo LTR sequences on mammalian gene expression. Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Insertion of a retroviral solo long terminal repeat in mdr-3 locus disrupts mRNA splicing in mice

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Copyright © 2000 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Anatomy; Zoology
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