Inhibitory effect of fucoidan from brown alga Fucus evanescens on the spread of infection induced by tobacco mosaic virus in tobacco leaves of two cultivars

Inhibitory effect of fucoidan from brown alga Fucus evanescens on the spread of infection induced... The effect of fucoidan from the brown alga Fucus evanescens on the spread of infection induced by tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was investigated in the leaves of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) of two cultivars (Ksanti-nk and Samsun). In the leaves of cv. Ksanti-nk inoculated with a mixture of TMV preparation (2 μg/ml) and fucoidan (1 mg/ml), the number of local necrotic lesions induced by the virus decreased by more than 90% as compared with the leaves inoculated with the virus alone. In tobacco leaves of cv. Samsun, virulence and the concentration of the virus 3 days after inoculation with the same mixture of TMV and fucoidan were by 62 and 66%, respectively, lower than in the leaves inoculated with TMV alone. As the infection spread, the inhibitory effect of fucoidan decreased. When the leaves were treated with fucoidan before and after the inoculation with TMV, its antiviral activity was less pronounced than when a mixture of the virus and the polysaccharide was used as inoculum. Electron microscopic investigation of TMV mixed with fucoidan often showed agglutinated virions. The highest virulence of the mixture (TMV preparation, 12 μg/ml, plus fucoidan, 1 mg/ml) was observed upon its twofold dilution, and after that it decreased. It was concluded that, when the leaves were inoculated with the mixture of TMV and fucoidan, the latter affected not only the plant but the virus as well. Treatment of tobacco leaves, cv. Ksanti-nk, with actinomycin D (10 μg/ml) 24 h before the inoculation with TMV almost completely suppressed the effect of fucoidan, indicating that fucoidan acted at a gene level. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Inhibitory effect of fucoidan from brown alga Fucus evanescens on the spread of infection induced by tobacco mosaic virus in tobacco leaves of two cultivars

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443706020154
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effect of fucoidan from the brown alga Fucus evanescens on the spread of infection induced by tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was investigated in the leaves of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) of two cultivars (Ksanti-nk and Samsun). In the leaves of cv. Ksanti-nk inoculated with a mixture of TMV preparation (2 μg/ml) and fucoidan (1 mg/ml), the number of local necrotic lesions induced by the virus decreased by more than 90% as compared with the leaves inoculated with the virus alone. In tobacco leaves of cv. Samsun, virulence and the concentration of the virus 3 days after inoculation with the same mixture of TMV and fucoidan were by 62 and 66%, respectively, lower than in the leaves inoculated with TMV alone. As the infection spread, the inhibitory effect of fucoidan decreased. When the leaves were treated with fucoidan before and after the inoculation with TMV, its antiviral activity was less pronounced than when a mixture of the virus and the polysaccharide was used as inoculum. Electron microscopic investigation of TMV mixed with fucoidan often showed agglutinated virions. The highest virulence of the mixture (TMV preparation, 12 μg/ml, plus fucoidan, 1 mg/ml) was observed upon its twofold dilution, and after that it decreased. It was concluded that, when the leaves were inoculated with the mixture of TMV and fucoidan, the latter affected not only the plant but the virus as well. Treatment of tobacco leaves, cv. Ksanti-nk, with actinomycin D (10 μg/ml) 24 h before the inoculation with TMV almost completely suppressed the effect of fucoidan, indicating that fucoidan acted at a gene level.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2006

References

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