The effect of fucoidan from the brown alga Fucus evanescens on the spread of infection induced by tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was investigated in the leaves of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) of two cultivars (Ksanti-nk and Samsun). In the leaves of cv. Ksanti-nk inoculated with a mixture of TMV preparation (2 μg/ml) and fucoidan (1 mg/ml), the number of local necrotic lesions induced by the virus decreased by more than 90% as compared with the leaves inoculated with the virus alone. In tobacco leaves of cv. Samsun, virulence and the concentration of the virus 3 days after inoculation with the same mixture of TMV and fucoidan were by 62 and 66%, respectively, lower than in the leaves inoculated with TMV alone. As the infection spread, the inhibitory effect of fucoidan decreased. When the leaves were treated with fucoidan before and after the inoculation with TMV, its antiviral activity was less pronounced than when a mixture of the virus and the polysaccharide was used as inoculum. Electron microscopic investigation of TMV mixed with fucoidan often showed agglutinated virions. The highest virulence of the mixture (TMV preparation, 12 μg/ml, plus fucoidan, 1 mg/ml) was observed upon its twofold dilution, and after that it decreased. It was concluded that, when the leaves were inoculated with the mixture of TMV and fucoidan, the latter affected not only the plant but the virus as well. Treatment of tobacco leaves, cv. Ksanti-nk, with actinomycin D (10 μg/ml) 24 h before the inoculation with TMV almost completely suppressed the effect of fucoidan, indicating that fucoidan acted at a gene level.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 24, 2006
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera