The role of protein phosphorylation/ dephosphorylation in the redox regulation of mitochondrial functioning was investigated. Incubation of isolated mitochondria of maize (Zea mays L.) in the presence of γ-32P-ATP revealed phosphorylation of polypeptides with mol wt of 66, 60, 55, 48/50 doublet, 45, 29, 22, and 19 kD. The presence in the incubation medium of oxidized glutathione significantly reduced the level of protein phosphorylation. The addition of reduced glutathione diminished phosphorylation of proteins with mol wt of 60 and 48/50 kD and slightly increased phosphorylation of proteins with mol wt of 66, 55, and 45 kD. The reducing agent, sodium dithionite decreased phosphorylation of proteins with mol wt of 60, 45, 29, 22, and 19 kD but increased phosphorylation of 55 kD protein. The inhibitors of protein kinases and protein phosphatases significantly modified the effects of redox agents. For example, simultaneous action of an oxidant K3[Fe(CN)6] and NaF enhanced phosphorylation level compared to separate treatments with these agents. The combined application of sodium dithionite and NaF elevated phosphorylation level of 55 kD protein. Phosphoprotein with mol wt of about 66 kD was identified immunochemically as a heat shock protein (HSP 60). The results indicate the presence in mitochondria of redox-sensitive protein kinases and protein phosphatases. Differential changes in the pattern of mitochondrial phosphoproteins under the action of various redox agents suggest that phosphorylation is probably involved in the transduction of redox signal in plant mitochondria.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 25, 2007
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