Inhibition of hepatitis C virus replication and expression by small interfering RNA targeting host cellular genes

Inhibition of hepatitis C virus replication and expression by small interfering RNA targeting... Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a powerful tool for functional genomics and gene therapy. Viral replication and gene expression are strongly inhibited by siRNA treatment of infected mammalian cells. However, the high sequence specificity of siRNAs, combined with prolonged treatment, promote the emergence of siRNA-resistant virus variants, especially among viruses that encode a polymerase lacking proofreading capabilities, indicating that the antiviral properties of specific siRNAs are not as effective as expected. To investigate the silencing effect of siRNAs against selected host cellular proteins that promote replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV), several siRNAs against human VAMP-associated protein (hVAP-A), La antigen and polypyrimidine-tract-binding protein (PTB) were evaluated. The data show that several siRNAs markedly decreased the expression levels of corresponding cellular genes that inhibited HCV replication in Huh-7 cells. These treatments were also shown to have no impact upon cell viability. These findings provide an alternative approach for blocking HCV replication. Hence, combination therapies with siRNAs against both the virus and host genes that support virus replication are likely to be a potent approach in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Inhibition of hepatitis C virus replication and expression by small interfering RNA targeting host cellular genes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/inhibition-of-hepatitis-c-virus-replication-and-expression-by-small-97JdvlI0Te
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-006-0905-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a powerful tool for functional genomics and gene therapy. Viral replication and gene expression are strongly inhibited by siRNA treatment of infected mammalian cells. However, the high sequence specificity of siRNAs, combined with prolonged treatment, promote the emergence of siRNA-resistant virus variants, especially among viruses that encode a polymerase lacking proofreading capabilities, indicating that the antiviral properties of specific siRNAs are not as effective as expected. To investigate the silencing effect of siRNAs against selected host cellular proteins that promote replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV), several siRNAs against human VAMP-associated protein (hVAP-A), La antigen and polypyrimidine-tract-binding protein (PTB) were evaluated. The data show that several siRNAs markedly decreased the expression levels of corresponding cellular genes that inhibited HCV replication in Huh-7 cells. These treatments were also shown to have no impact upon cell viability. These findings provide an alternative approach for blocking HCV replication. Hence, combination therapies with siRNAs against both the virus and host genes that support virus replication are likely to be a potent approach in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off