Inhibition of fusion activity of influenza A haemagglutinin mediated by HA2-specific monoclonal antibodies

Inhibition of fusion activity of influenza A haemagglutinin mediated by HA2-specific monoclonal... The effect of seven monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to the light chain (HA2) of influenza A haemagglutinin (HA) on its fusion activity was investigated. These MAbs, which are non-virus neutralizing, defined four distinct antigenic sites on HA2 glycopolypeptide and the corresponding epitopes were attributed to the sequence stretches on HA2. The accessibility of all seven HA2 epitopes significantly increased after trypsin cleavage and pH 5 treatment of the HA (X-31). The influence of anti-HA2 MAbs on the fusion process was followed by cell–cell fusion of CHO cells expressing precursor HA, virus-liposome fusion assay, and haemolysis mediated by virus. MAb CF2, which bound directly to the fusion peptide 1–35 of HA2, was positive in all three fusion-inhibition assays and was the only one inhibiting the polykaryon formation of CHO-X-31 cells. Two other MAbs belonging to the same antigenic site but not binding directly to the fusion peptide inhibited virus to liposome fusion (EB12) or inhibited haemolysis (BB8). Moreover, MAb IIF4 binding to distinct antigenic site within 125–175 HA2 inhibited haemolysis, too. Thus, fusion activity of HA may be inhibited by anti-HA2 MAbs, mainly those binding to or near the fusion peptide. These antibodies represent useful probes for studies of influenza virus to cell membrane fusion. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Inhibition of fusion activity of influenza A haemagglutinin mediated by HA2-specific monoclonal antibodies

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial