Inhibition of Cation Channels in Human Erythrocytes by Spermine

Inhibition of Cation Channels in Human Erythrocytes by Spermine In erythrocytes, spermine concentration decreases gradually with age, which is paralleled by increases of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, with subsequent cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling. Cytosolic Ca2+ was estimated from Fluo-3 fluorescence, cell volume from forward scatter, cell membrane scrambling from annexin V binding and cation channel activity with whole-cell patch-clamp in human erythrocytes. Extracellular spermine exerted a dual effect on erythrocyte survival. At 200 μM spermine blunted the increase of intracellular Ca2+, cell shrinkage and annexin V binding following 48 h exposure of cells at +37°C. In contrast, short exposure (10–30 min) of cells to 2 mM spermine was accompanied by increased cytosolic Ca2+ and annexin binding. Intracellular addition of spermine at subphysiological concentration (0.2 μM) significantly decreased the conductance of monovalent cations (Na+, K+, NMDG+) and of Ca2+. Moreover, spermine (0.2 μM) blunted the stimulation of voltage-independent cation channels by Cl− removal. Spermine (0.2 and 200 μM) added to the extracellular bath solution similarly inhibited the cation conductance in Cl−-containing bath solution. The effect of 0.2 μM spermine, but not the effect of 200 μM, was rapidly reversible. Acute addition (250 μM) of a naphthyl acetyl derivative of spermine (200 μM) again significantly decreased basal cation conductance in NaCl bath solution and inhibited voltage-independent cation channels. Spermine is a powerful regulator of erythrocyte cation channel cytosolic Ca2+ activity and, thus, cell survival. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Inhibition of Cation Channels in Human Erythrocytes by Spermine

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9310-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In erythrocytes, spermine concentration decreases gradually with age, which is paralleled by increases of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, with subsequent cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling. Cytosolic Ca2+ was estimated from Fluo-3 fluorescence, cell volume from forward scatter, cell membrane scrambling from annexin V binding and cation channel activity with whole-cell patch-clamp in human erythrocytes. Extracellular spermine exerted a dual effect on erythrocyte survival. At 200 μM spermine blunted the increase of intracellular Ca2+, cell shrinkage and annexin V binding following 48 h exposure of cells at +37°C. In contrast, short exposure (10–30 min) of cells to 2 mM spermine was accompanied by increased cytosolic Ca2+ and annexin binding. Intracellular addition of spermine at subphysiological concentration (0.2 μM) significantly decreased the conductance of monovalent cations (Na+, K+, NMDG+) and of Ca2+. Moreover, spermine (0.2 μM) blunted the stimulation of voltage-independent cation channels by Cl− removal. Spermine (0.2 and 200 μM) added to the extracellular bath solution similarly inhibited the cation conductance in Cl−-containing bath solution. The effect of 0.2 μM spermine, but not the effect of 200 μM, was rapidly reversible. Acute addition (250 μM) of a naphthyl acetyl derivative of spermine (200 μM) again significantly decreased basal cation conductance in NaCl bath solution and inhibited voltage-independent cation channels. Spermine is a powerful regulator of erythrocyte cation channel cytosolic Ca2+ activity and, thus, cell survival.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 10, 2010

References

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