Inhibition of Cation Channels in Human Erythrocytes by Spermine

Inhibition of Cation Channels in Human Erythrocytes by Spermine In erythrocytes, spermine concentration decreases gradually with age, which is paralleled by increases of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, with subsequent cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling. Cytosolic Ca2+ was estimated from Fluo-3 fluorescence, cell volume from forward scatter, cell membrane scrambling from annexin V binding and cation channel activity with whole-cell patch-clamp in human erythrocytes. Extracellular spermine exerted a dual effect on erythrocyte survival. At 200 μM spermine blunted the increase of intracellular Ca2+, cell shrinkage and annexin V binding following 48 h exposure of cells at +37°C. In contrast, short exposure (10–30 min) of cells to 2 mM spermine was accompanied by increased cytosolic Ca2+ and annexin binding. Intracellular addition of spermine at subphysiological concentration (0.2 μM) significantly decreased the conductance of monovalent cations (Na+, K+, NMDG+) and of Ca2+. Moreover, spermine (0.2 μM) blunted the stimulation of voltage-independent cation channels by Cl− removal. Spermine (0.2 and 200 μM) added to the extracellular bath solution similarly inhibited the cation conductance in Cl−-containing bath solution. The effect of 0.2 μM spermine, but not the effect of 200 μM, was rapidly reversible. Acute addition (250 μM) of a naphthyl acetyl derivative of spermine (200 μM) again significantly decreased basal cation conductance in NaCl bath solution and inhibited voltage-independent cation channels. Spermine is a powerful regulator of erythrocyte cation channel cytosolic Ca2+ activity and, thus, cell survival. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Inhibition of Cation Channels in Human Erythrocytes by Spermine

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial