1022-7954/02/3807- $27.00 © 2002
Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 38, No. 7, 2002, p. 849. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 38, No. 7, 2002, p. 1008.
Original Russian Text Copyright © 2002 by the Editorial Board.
N.P. Dubinin: Selected Works. Volumes 1–4,
Moscow: Nauka, 2001–2002.
The four-volume edition of selected works by
Nikolai Petrovich Dubinin, an outstanding geneticist of
the 20th century who consecrated 75 years to science,
has been published to commemorate the 95th anniver-
sary of his birth. This unique edition is an excellent
memorial to one of the greatest contemporary biolo-
gists. Brilliant works by Dubinin still are and will long
be topical and attracting interest of the scientiﬁc com-
munity, particularly young geneticists.
Volume 1: Gene and Evolution.
Volume 2: Radiation and Chemical Mutagenesis.
Volume 3. Ecological Genetics and Space Genetics.
Volume 4. The History and Tragedy of Soviet
Genetics. Philosophical Problems of Genetics.
Volume 1 consists of an introduction, a biography of
Nikolai Dubinin reﬂecting his activities in research,
scientiﬁc management, and public work, and a list of
major books written by this author. Works on the theo-
retical basis of key genetic problems—the theory of the
gene and position effect—are presented, as well as the-
oretical and experimental studies in the ﬁelds of evolu-
tionary and population genetics.
Volume 2 is devoted to problems of radiation
mutagenesis and chemical mutagenesis. It contains the
most signiﬁcant works of Dubinin concerning general
problems of radiation genetics and effects of ionizing
radiation on human heredity as well as fundamental
articles on medical genetics. This volume also presents
pioneering Dubinin’s studies of chemical mutagenesis.
Based on these studies, he has formulated the concept
of stages in the establishment of mutations and premu-
tational chromosome changes underlying the formation
of genic and chromosomal mutations.
Volume 3 contains fundamental works by Dubinin
in the ﬁeld of ecological genetics dealing with anthro-
pogenic (chemical and radiation) mutagens and their
role in environmental pollution. Articles on antimu-
tagenesis are also presented as Dubinin has always
emphasized signiﬁcance of this phenomenon in protec-
tion of plant and animal genomes and particularly in
prevention of human hereditary diseases.
The reader can also get acquainted with the results
of pioneereing studies of Dubinin in the ﬁeld of space
genetics. The views of this author on the role of genet-
ics in breeding of agricultural plants and animals, in
particular with the use of modern molecular techniques,
are of special interest.
Volume 4 sheds light on the tragic events in Soviet
genetics connected to the reign of Lysenko’s pseudo-
science which was supported by Stalin. This was a truly
unique phenomenon in contemporary science: such a
huge country as the Soviet Union was dominated by
medieval views on heredity, variability, and speciation
with ensuing ignorant practical recommendations. This
volume has been written by a scientist who stood strong
by true science during all those hard years and greatly
contributed to the defeat of evil and the victory of truth.
For many years, the attention of Dubinin was
focused on philosophical problems of human genetics,
primarily the relationship between the biological and
social components in the formation of personality.
These issues are discussed in vivid, sometimes polemic
publications included in the fourth volume.
This four-volume edition is intended for a wide
range of readers interested in genetics and evolutionary
biology, as well as for breeders, radiobiologists, histo-
rians of science, philosophers, and teachers.