On the basis of a numerical three-dimensional nonlinear σ-coordinate model, we study the influence of cyclonic disturbances on the dynamics of waters in the Sea of Azov with and without taking into account the water exchange through the Kerch Strait. It is shown that the presence of water exchange through the strait increases the extreme levels of the surges by up to 40%. The influence of the sizes and directions of motion of cyclonic formations on the surge phenomena is analyzed. It is shown that the fourfold increase in the size of the base of the south cyclone leads to at most threefold increase in the maximum levels of the surge. At all points of the coast, south cyclones lead to the formation of surges stronger than in the case of west cyclones by up to 15%.
Physical Oceanography – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 18, 2009
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