The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of the soil parameters (particle size, initial contamination level, etc.) on the performances of an attrition process to remove As, Cr, Cu, pentachlorophenol (PCP) and dioxins and furans (PCDD/F). Five different contaminated soils were wet-sieved to isolate five soil fractions (< 0.250, 0.250–1, 1–4, 4–12 and > 12 mm). Five attrition steps of 20 min each, carried out in the presence of a biodegradable surfactant ([BW] = 2%, w w−1) at room temperature with a pulp density fixed at 40% (w w−1), were applied to the coarse soil fractions (> 0.250 mm) of different soils. The results showed good performances of the attrition process to simultaneously remove PCP and PCDD/F from contaminated soil fractions initially containing between 1.1 and 13 mg of PCP kg−1 (dry basis) and between 1795 and 5720 ng TEQ of PCDD/F kg−1. It appeared that the amounts of contaminants removed were significantly correlated (p value < 0.05, R 2 = 0.96) with the initial amounts of PCP and PCDD/F, regardless of the particle size of the soils studied. The nature of the soil (granulometric distribution, pH, total organic carbon (TOC) (organic matter) and diverse industrial origin) slightly and negatively influenced the efficiency of organic contaminants removals using attrition. However, the attrition treatment allowed an efficient removal of both PCP and PCDD/F from the coarse fraction of contaminated soil, despite the nature of the soil.
Water, Air, Soil Pollution – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2017
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