Influence of soil, crop residue, and sensor orientations on NDVI readings

Influence of soil, crop residue, and sensor orientations on NDVI readings Site-specific in-season corn (Zea mays L.) nitrogen (N) rate recommendations based on remote sensing can increase nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) but most approaches require the corn to be at the V8 growth stage. Success in estimating N needs during early vegetative growth has been limited due to low plant biomass and background interference. The objective of this experiment was to measure the influence of soil series, soil moisture, surface crop residues, and sensor orientation on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) from soils prior to planting and corn from planting through the V6 growth stage. A controlled experiment was conducted in Virginia using four soil types commonly used for corn production. Spectral reflectance readings from the soils and four crop residues were measured using the GreenSeeker® sensor at four sensor orientations. Sensor orientation affected NDVI readings from bare soils before planting, with a difference of up to 0.16 units among orientations. The 15 cm mask generally resulted in the lowest NDVI. Wetting soils resulted in greater NDVI values from all soils with differences of up to 0.18 units between the same soil wet and dry. Values for NDVI were initially influenced by crop residue type but no differences due to type were detected once corn reached the V4 stage. Altering sensor orientation generally changed NDVI values but none resulted in NDVI that was similar across all soil and residue backgrounds. Background (soil and residue) influenced NDVI readings during early vegetative corn growth so the sensing background for the calibration reference areas should be uniform and similar to the larger field for implementation of the GreenSeeker® variable rate system. Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Influence of soil, crop residue, and sensor orientations on NDVI readings

Loading next page...
Springer US
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial