Spontaneous formation of embryoid bodies and subsequent differentiation of some cells into cardiomyocytes were demonstrated on murine embryonic stem cells of R1 line. The lines of embryonic stem cells were obtained that had been transfected with genetic constructs carrying expressing regulatory genes of the human immunodeficiency virus tat and nef and green protein gene (GFP). The transfection of embryonic stem cells with the gene tat stimulated their proliferative activity, while this activity decreased in the cells transfected with the gene nef. The time necessary for the formation of embryoid bodies by all lines of transfected cells was similar to that in the control cells. In the cultures of cells transfected with nef and tat, the number of embryoid bodies and the percentage of embryoid bodies with contracting cardiomyocytes were higher and lower than in the control, respectively. Thus, an inverse correlation was observed between the effects of regulatory genes of the human immunodeficiency virus on proliferation and differentiation embryonic stem cells.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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