Influence of potassium nitrate on antioxidant level and secondary metabolite genes under cold stress in Panax ginseng

Influence of potassium nitrate on antioxidant level and secondary metabolite genes under cold... The overall survival mechanism and secondary metabolite synthesis under cold stress conditions (4°C) at exogenous supply with KNO3 were studied in mountain ginseng adventitious root cultures. Expressed sequence tags encoding antioxidant enzymes, such as catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and also ginsenoside-related secondary metabolites were obtained, and expression studies were carried out using quantitative real-time PCR. Chilled adventitious root cultures grown in vitro with or without an exogenous supply with K+ were differentially regulated. Expressions of PgCAT, PgAPX, and PgGPX-1 were increased, whereas PgGPX-2 and all ginsenoside-related secondary metabolite genes showed slight down-regulation upon chilling stress. Interestingly, the most genes were up-regulated at the increased potassium supply except the cytochrome P450 gene, which shows clearly the specific effect of potassium on the antioxidant level and secondary metabolite gene expression involved in the survival mechanism. In addition, we studied the activities of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, guaiacol peroxidase, and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, which showed similar pattern of changes. Adventitious root dry weight and relative water content were found to increase at 0.05 mM KNO3. The high level of potassium is needed for Panax ginseng under chilling conditions to increase its cold tolerance through activating the anti-oxidant system as well as to increase ginsenoside-related secondary metabolite transcripts. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Influence of potassium nitrate on antioxidant level and secondary metabolite genes under cold stress in Panax ginseng

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443712030041
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The overall survival mechanism and secondary metabolite synthesis under cold stress conditions (4°C) at exogenous supply with KNO3 were studied in mountain ginseng adventitious root cultures. Expressed sequence tags encoding antioxidant enzymes, such as catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and also ginsenoside-related secondary metabolites were obtained, and expression studies were carried out using quantitative real-time PCR. Chilled adventitious root cultures grown in vitro with or without an exogenous supply with K+ were differentially regulated. Expressions of PgCAT, PgAPX, and PgGPX-1 were increased, whereas PgGPX-2 and all ginsenoside-related secondary metabolite genes showed slight down-regulation upon chilling stress. Interestingly, the most genes were up-regulated at the increased potassium supply except the cytochrome P450 gene, which shows clearly the specific effect of potassium on the antioxidant level and secondary metabolite gene expression involved in the survival mechanism. In addition, we studied the activities of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, guaiacol peroxidase, and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, which showed similar pattern of changes. Adventitious root dry weight and relative water content were found to increase at 0.05 mM KNO3. The high level of potassium is needed for Panax ginseng under chilling conditions to increase its cold tolerance through activating the anti-oxidant system as well as to increase ginsenoside-related secondary metabolite transcripts.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 15, 2012

References

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