The control of gene expression in response to an increase in the bacterial population density (Quorum Sensing) involves low-molecular-weight signal molecules (autoinducers, AI). AI-2 and synthase LuxS mediating its synthesis are widely distributed in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. In this work, the data were obtained on the role of global regulators of gene expression in AI-2 synthesis in Escherichia coli cells. The mutation inactivating gene rpoS (encodes sigma S subunit of RNA polymerase) was shown to drastically decrease an amount of active AI-2 in the culture medium. Mutations in gene rpoN that encodes sigma N subunit of RNA polymerase and also in gene lon, which encodes Lon proteinase, on the contrary, increase an amount of active AI-2 in supernatants of cultures. Mutant strains lacking histone-like proteins H-NS and StpA accumulate a slightly higher amount of AI-2 than the isogenic wild-type strain: however, an amount of AI-2 decreased in the culture medium of the double mutant devoid of both these proteins.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 25, 2008
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