Three high-strength Nb-, Ti- and Ti + V-bearing S690QL steels were welded to investigate and compare the effects of microalloy addition on heat-affected zone (HAZ) toughness. Charpy V notch impact tests from three microalloyed welds under different cooling rates have been performed. Fractographic examination shows that several factors, including large-sized grain, upper bainite or hard second phase, interact to determine brittle fracture and impaired toughness in Nb-bearing weld with high heat input. In contrast to this reduced toughness, Ti-bearing welds exhibits satisfied toughness regardless of at fast or slow cooling. This is attributed to its limited austenite grain and refined favourable intragranular acicular ferrite structure. Moreover, in the case of such refined structure as matrix, TiN particles are found to be irrelevant to the fracture process. The crystallographic results also confirm that high-angle boundaries between fine ferrites plates provide effective barriers for crack propagation and contribute to improved toughness.
Welding in the World – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 27, 2018
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