This study investigates the influence on the oscillating characteristics of a cavity shear layer by introducing either a sloped bottom or a flow path modifier at the bottom of the cavity. All the experiments are performed in a recirculating water channel. The laser Doppler velocimetry system and the laser sheet technique are employed to perform the quantitative velocity measurements and the qualitative flow visualization, respectively. The Reynolds number, based on the momentum thickness at the upstream edge of the cavity, is kept at about Re θ 0=194 ± 3.4. It is found that, in addition to the feedback effect, the upstream moving part of the recirculating flow inside the cavity also plays an important role in changing the oscillating characteristics of the unstable shear layer. As the bottom of the cavity is either negatively or positively sloped, the oscillating characteristics of the cavity shear layer are modified to different extents. Significant reduction of the oscillating amplitude within the cavity is found while the bottom slope increases up to d/L=± 2/5. As the bottom slope further increases up to d/L=± 1/2, the self-excited oscillation is completely suppressed. In addition, the ability to suppress the self-excited oscillation by the negative bottom slopes is superior to that in the case of a positive bottom slope. Depending upon the fence locations, the upstream moving part of the recirculating flow will perturb the unstable shear layer at different x/L locations, leading to different oscillating amplitudes. The ability to promote the enlarged oscillating amplitude of the unstable shear layer is better for a fence inclined at a positive angle than for one at a negative angle.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2001
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