We analyzed the effects of delivery methods on Chlamydia trachomatis pneumonia in infants. Three hundred forty-four children hospitalized with Chlamydia trachomatis pneumonia were enrolled. They were divided into the vaginal delivery group and the cesarean delivery group. We compared and analyzed their age of onset, peripheral blood white blood cell count, liver enzymes, chlamydia trachomatis titers, and chest radiograph scores. Seventy-eight (22.7%) were delivered by a cesarean, and 266 (77.3%) were delivered vaginally. There were no statistically significant differences between groups when compared by sex and age (P > 0.05). Copy numbers and white blood cell counts in the peripheral blood of children with Chlamydia trachomatis in respiratory secretions of the vaginal delivery group were significantly higher than those of the cesarean delivery group (P <0.05). The alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels between groups were not statistically significant. Comparisons of admission chest radiography scores, discharge radiography scores, and score differences showed no statistical differences (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Infants delivered by cesarean comprise approximately one-fifth of those affected. The Chlamydia trachomatis titers and peripheral blood leukocyte counts of the vaginal delivery group were higher than those of the cesarean delivery group. Age of onset, liver enzymes, pulmonary inflammation,
European Journal of Pediatrics – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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