The study deals with the effect of changes in salinity from 32 to 4‰ (at an interval of 4‰) on the growth, chlorophyll a and carotenoid contents, and cell size of the benthic alga Attheya ussurensis (Bacillariophyta). A. ussurensis showed high tolerance to reduced salinity and ability to adapt to salinity changes from 16 to 12‰. In this salinity range, the cells restored their shapes, sizes, and physiological functions. The number of cells and photosynthetic pigment content were highest at a salinity reduction to 24‰. At 8‰, algal cells remained alive, but the process of cell division was inhibited; as a result, the number of cells was significantly lower than in the control, the cells did not restore their sizes and shapes and remained deformed until the end of the experiment. A drop in salinity to 4‰ caused a complete loss of cell viability of A. ussurensis within a day of exposure to this factor.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 16, 2012
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