The GnRH producing neurons are the key link of neuroendocrine regulation of the adult reproductive system. Synthesis and secretion of GnRH are, in turn, under the afferent catecholaminergic control. Taking into account that catecholamines exert morphogenetic effects on target cells during ontogenesis, this study was aimed at investigation of the effects of catecholamines on development of GnRH neurons in rats during ontogenesis. We carried out comparative quantitative and semiquantitative analyses of differentiation and migration of GnRH neurons in fetuses of both sexes under the conditions of normal metabolism of catecholamines (administration of saline) or their pharmacologically induced deficiency (administration of α-methyl-para-tyrosine). The inhibition of catecholamine synthesis from day 11 of embryogenesis led to an increasing number of GnRH neurons in rostral regions of the trajectory of their migration over the brain: in the area of olfactory tubercles on day 17 and in the area of olfactory bulb on days 18 and 21. In addition, the optical density of GnRH neurons located in the rostral regions of migration was higher in the fetuses after administration of α-methyl-para-tyrosine during embryogenesis, as compared to the control. It has been concluded that catecholamines stimulate the migration of GnRH neurons and affect their differentiation.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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