Influence of afterbody rounding on the pressure distribution over a fastback vehicle

Influence of afterbody rounding on the pressure distribution over a fastback vehicle Experimental analyzes were performed to understand the drag evolution and the flow field modifications resulting from afterbody rounding on the Ahmed body, a simplified vehicle model with 25 degrees rear slant. Curvature effects were investigated using balance measurements, flow visualizations, wall pressure, and particle image velocimetry measurements. The rear end of the original well-known Ahmed body has sharp connections between the roof and the rear window as well as squared rear pillars. Similarly to previous studies, rounding the roof/backlight intersection was shown to reduce drag up to 16 %. Surprisingly, additional rear curvature associated with side pillar rounding did not further modify the drag. However, the zero net effect was found to result from opposite drag effects on the slanted and vertical surfaces and to hide strong local modifications on the flow field. The tridimensional organization and vorticity transport in the near wake were analyzed and connected to the observed local increase in the pressure drag on the base. Finally, these results were shown to be generic for a realistic rounded-end car shape. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Influence of afterbody rounding on the pressure distribution over a fastback vehicle

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-016-2120-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Experimental analyzes were performed to understand the drag evolution and the flow field modifications resulting from afterbody rounding on the Ahmed body, a simplified vehicle model with 25 degrees rear slant. Curvature effects were investigated using balance measurements, flow visualizations, wall pressure, and particle image velocimetry measurements. The rear end of the original well-known Ahmed body has sharp connections between the roof and the rear window as well as squared rear pillars. Similarly to previous studies, rounding the roof/backlight intersection was shown to reduce drag up to 16 %. Surprisingly, additional rear curvature associated with side pillar rounding did not further modify the drag. However, the zero net effect was found to result from opposite drag effects on the slanted and vertical surfaces and to hide strong local modifications on the flow field. The tridimensional organization and vorticity transport in the near wake were analyzed and connected to the observed local increase in the pressure drag on the base. Finally, these results were shown to be generic for a realistic rounded-end car shape.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 27, 2016

References

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