Influence of adaptive mutations, from thermal adaptation experiments, on the infection cycle of RNA bacteriophage Qβ

Influence of adaptive mutations, from thermal adaptation experiments, on the infection cycle of... A population’s growth rate is determined by multiple ‘life history traits’. To quantitatively determine which life history traits should be improved to allow a living organism to adapt to an inhibitory environment is an important issue. Previously, we conducted thermal adaptation experiments on the RNA bacteriophage Qβ using three independent replicates and reported that all three end-point populations could grow at a temperature (43.6°C) that inhibited the growth of the ancestral strain. Even though the fitness values of the endpoint populations were almost the same, their genome sequence was not, indicating that the three thermally adapted populations may have different life history traits. In this study, we introduced each mutation observed in these three end-point populations into the cDNA of the Qβ genome and prepared three different mutants. Quan - titative analysis showed that they tended to increase their fitness by increasing the adsorption rate to their host, shortening their latent period (i.e., the duration between phage infection and progeny release), and increasing the burst size (i.e., the number of progeny phages per infected cell), but all three mutants decreased their thermal stability. However, the degree to which these traits changed differed. The mutant with the least mutations showed http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Influence of adaptive mutations, from thermal adaptation experiments, on the infection cycle of RNA bacteriophage Qβ

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-018-3895-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A population’s growth rate is determined by multiple ‘life history traits’. To quantitatively determine which life history traits should be improved to allow a living organism to adapt to an inhibitory environment is an important issue. Previously, we conducted thermal adaptation experiments on the RNA bacteriophage Qβ using three independent replicates and reported that all three end-point populations could grow at a temperature (43.6°C) that inhibited the growth of the ancestral strain. Even though the fitness values of the endpoint populations were almost the same, their genome sequence was not, indicating that the three thermally adapted populations may have different life history traits. In this study, we introduced each mutation observed in these three end-point populations into the cDNA of the Qβ genome and prepared three different mutants. Quan - titative analysis showed that they tended to increase their fitness by increasing the adsorption rate to their host, shortening their latent period (i.e., the duration between phage infection and progeny release), and increasing the burst size (i.e., the number of progeny phages per infected cell), but all three mutants decreased their thermal stability. However, the degree to which these traits changed differed. The mutant with the least mutations showed

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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