Measurements of turbulence with laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) are compared for turbulent flows over a flat surface and a surface with sinusoidal waves of small wavelength. The wavy boundary was highly rough in that the flow separated. The Reynolds number based on the half-height of the channel and the bulk velocity was 46,000. The wavelength was 5 mm and the height to wavelength ratio was 0.1. The root-mean-squares of the velocity fluctuations are approximately equal if normalized with the friction velocity. This can be explained as a consequence of the approximate equality of the correlation coefficients of the Reynolds shear stress. Calculations with a direct numerical simulation (DNS) are used to show that the fluid interacts with the wall in quite different ways for flat and wavy surfaces. They show similarity in that large quadrant 2 events in the outer flow, for both cases, are associated with plumes that emerge from the wall region and extend over large distances. Measurements of skewness of the streamwise and wall-normal velocity fluctuations and quadrant analyses of the Reynolds shear stresses are qualitatively similar for flat and wavy surfaces. However, the skewness magnitudes and the ratio of the quadrant 2 to quadrant 4 contributions are larger for the wavy surface. Thus, there is evidence that turbulent structures are universal in the outer flow and for quantitative differences in the statistics that reflect differences in the way in which the fluid interacts with the wall.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 9, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera