Influence of a wavy boundary on turbulence.

Influence of a wavy boundary on turbulence. Measurements of turbulence with laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) are compared for turbulent flows over a flat surface and a surface with sinusoidal waves of small wavelength. The wavy boundary was highly rough in that the flow separated. The Reynolds number based on the half-height of the channel and the bulk velocity was 46,000. The wavelength was 5 mm and the height to wavelength ratio was 0.1. The root-mean-squares of the velocity fluctuations are approximately equal if normalized with the friction velocity. This can be explained as a consequence of the approximate equality of the correlation coefficients of the Reynolds shear stress. Calculations with a direct numerical simulation (DNS) are used to show that the fluid interacts with the wall in quite different ways for flat and wavy surfaces. They show similarity in that large quadrant 2 events in the outer flow, for both cases, are associated with plumes that emerge from the wall region and extend over large distances. Measurements of skewness of the streamwise and wall-normal velocity fluctuations and quadrant analyses of the Reynolds shear stresses are qualitatively similar for flat and wavy surfaces. However, the skewness magnitudes and the ratio of the quadrant 2 to quadrant 4 contributions are larger for the wavy surface. Thus, there is evidence that turbulent structures are universal in the outer flow and for quantitative differences in the statistics that reflect differences in the way in which the fluid interacts with the wall. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Influence of a wavy boundary on turbulence.

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-003-0681-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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