Influence of a Transmembrane Protein on the Permeability of Small Molecules Across Lipid Membranes

Influence of a Transmembrane Protein on the Permeability of Small Molecules Across Lipid Membranes The influence of the nonchannel conformation of the transmembrane protein gramicidin A on the permeability coefficients of neutral and ionized α-X-p-methyl-hippuric acid analogues (XMHA) (X = H, OCH3, CN, OH, COOH, and CONH2) across egg-lecithin membranes has been investigated in vesicle efflux experiments. Although 10 mol% gramicidin A increases lipid chain ordering, it enhances the transport of neutral XMHA analogues up to 8-fold, with more hydrophilic permeants exhibiting the greatest increase. Substituent contributions to the free energies of transfer of both neutral and anionic XMHA analogues from water into the bilayer barrier domain were calculated. Linear free-energy relationships were established between these values and those for solute partitioning from water into decadiene, chlorobutane, butyl ether, and octanol to assess barrier hydrophobicity. The barrier domain is similar for both neutral and ionized permeants and substantially more hydrophobic than octanol, thus establishing its location as being beyond the hydrated headgroup region and eliminating transient water pores as the transport pathway for these permeants, as the hydrated interface or water pores would be expected to be more hydrophilic than octanol. The addition of 10 mol% gramicidin A alters the barrier domain from a decadiene-like solvent to one possessing a greater hydrogen-bond accepting capacity. The permeability coefficients for ionized XMHAs increase with Na+ or K+ concentration, exhibiting saturability at high ion concentrations. This behavior can be quantitatively rationalized by Gouy-Chapman theory, though ion-pairing cannot be conclusively ruled out. The finding that transmembrane proteins alter barrier selectivity, favoring polar permeant transport, constitutes an important step toward understanding permeability in biomembranes. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Influence of a Transmembrane Protein on the Permeability of Small Molecules Across Lipid Membranes

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial