Inequality in Education and Wealth in Tanzania: A 25-Year Perspective

Inequality in Education and Wealth in Tanzania: A 25-Year Perspective Soc Indic Res https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1838-y Inequality in Education and Wealth in Tanzania: A 25‑Year Perspective Emmanuel Maliti Accepted: 18 January 2018 © UNU-WIDER 2018, corrected publication May 2018 Abstract The literature on inequality in Tanzania has been dependent on limited rounds of methodologically different household budget surveys. The literature in question sel - domly goes beyond analysis of inequality trends between two rounds of surveys, thereby ignoring longer period inequality trends. This study makes use of six rounds of methodo- logical stable Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to present a half-century trend in education and wealth inequality in Tanzania. Education inequality persists but has been declining between rural and urban areas and particularly between Dar es Salaam and other regions. Gender inequality in education has also consistently been on the decline across different age ranges, more so for older individuals than younger ones. Wealth inequality as measured by a composite index has been declining as well—mostly an outcome of the declining proportion of households in the poorest quantile in rural areas compared to an increasing proportion of urban households in the same quantile. In other words, using the DHS’s composite index of selected assets, the Tanzanian society is increasingly becom- ing equal in both education http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Social Indicators Research Springer Journals

Inequality in Education and Wealth in Tanzania: A 25-Year Perspective

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by UNU-WIDER 2017
Subject
Social Sciences; Sociology, general; Quality of Life Research; Microeconomics; Public Health; Human Geography; Quality of Life Research
ISSN
0303-8300
eISSN
1573-0921
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11205-018-1838-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Soc Indic Res https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1838-y Inequality in Education and Wealth in Tanzania: A 25‑Year Perspective Emmanuel Maliti Accepted: 18 January 2018 © UNU-WIDER 2018, corrected publication May 2018 Abstract The literature on inequality in Tanzania has been dependent on limited rounds of methodologically different household budget surveys. The literature in question sel - domly goes beyond analysis of inequality trends between two rounds of surveys, thereby ignoring longer period inequality trends. This study makes use of six rounds of methodo- logical stable Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to present a half-century trend in education and wealth inequality in Tanzania. Education inequality persists but has been declining between rural and urban areas and particularly between Dar es Salaam and other regions. Gender inequality in education has also consistently been on the decline across different age ranges, more so for older individuals than younger ones. Wealth inequality as measured by a composite index has been declining as well—mostly an outcome of the declining proportion of households in the poorest quantile in rural areas compared to an increasing proportion of urban households in the same quantile. In other words, using the DHS’s composite index of selected assets, the Tanzanian society is increasingly becom- ing equal in both education

Journal

Social Indicators ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 29, 2018

References

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