Induction of cytomixis affects microsporogenesis in Sesamum indicum L. (Pedaliaceae)

Induction of cytomixis affects microsporogenesis in Sesamum indicum L. (Pedaliaceae) Cytomixis was recorded during microsporogenesis in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), a member of the family Pedaliaceae. The phenomenon of cytomixis was observed at various stages of meiosis in 0.5% sodium azide (SA) treated populations of Sesamum indicum L. Cytomixis was observed to occur through various methods, i.e. by forming cytoplasmic channels and direct fusion of pollen mother cells (PMCs), the former was more frequent than the latter. The migration of nuclear content involved all the chromatin/chromosomes or part of it from donor to recipient cell/cells. Some completely empty meiocytes were also observed. Stickiness, precocious movement, laggards, unorientation and micronuclei were observed in almost all the sets treated with various doses of SA. Increase in the doses of SA had a positive effect on the percentage of PMCs showing cytomixis and chromosomal abnormalities. The impact of cytomixis on meiotic behaviour, reduced pollen viability and heterogeneous sized pollen grains were observed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Induction of cytomixis affects microsporogenesis in Sesamum indicum L. (Pedaliaceae)

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Developmental Biology; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1062-3604
eISSN
1608-3326
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1062360412040054
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cytomixis was recorded during microsporogenesis in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), a member of the family Pedaliaceae. The phenomenon of cytomixis was observed at various stages of meiosis in 0.5% sodium azide (SA) treated populations of Sesamum indicum L. Cytomixis was observed to occur through various methods, i.e. by forming cytoplasmic channels and direct fusion of pollen mother cells (PMCs), the former was more frequent than the latter. The migration of nuclear content involved all the chromatin/chromosomes or part of it from donor to recipient cell/cells. Some completely empty meiocytes were also observed. Stickiness, precocious movement, laggards, unorientation and micronuclei were observed in almost all the sets treated with various doses of SA. Increase in the doses of SA had a positive effect on the percentage of PMCs showing cytomixis and chromosomal abnormalities. The impact of cytomixis on meiotic behaviour, reduced pollen viability and heterogeneous sized pollen grains were observed.

Journal

Russian Journal of Developmental BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 13, 2012

References

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