Induction of Apoptotic Endonuclease EndoG with DNA-Damaging Agents Initiates Alternative Splicing of Telomerase Catalytic Subunit hTERT and Inhibition of Telomerase Activity hTERT in Human CD4+ and CD8+ Т Lymphocytes

Induction of Apoptotic Endonuclease EndoG with DNA-Damaging Agents Initiates Alternative Splicing... Activity of the telomerase catalytic subunit hTERT (human Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase) can be regulated by alternative splicing of its mRNA. At the present time, the exact mechanism of hTERT splicing is not fully understood. Apoptotic endonuclease EndoG is known to participate this process. EndoG expression is induced by DNA damages. The aim of this work was to investigate the ability of DNA-damaging agents with different mechanism of action to induce EndoG expression and to inhibit telomerase activity due to the activation of hTERT alternative splicing in normal activated human CD4+ and CD8+ Т lymphocytes. All investigated DNA-damaging agents were able to induce EndoG expression. Cisplatin, a therapeutic compound, producing DNA cross-links induced the highest level of DNA damages and EndoG expression. Incubation of CD4+ and CD8+ Т cells with cisplatin caused the changes in proportion of hTERT splice variants and inhibition of telomerase activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemistry (Moscow) Supplement Series B: Biomedical Chemistry Springer Journals

Induction of Apoptotic Endonuclease EndoG with DNA-Damaging Agents Initiates Alternative Splicing of Telomerase Catalytic Subunit hTERT and Inhibition of Telomerase Activity hTERT in Human CD4+ and CD8+ Т Lymphocytes

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Chemistry; Bioorganic Chemistry; Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN
1990-7508
eISSN
1990-7516
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1990750818020154
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Activity of the telomerase catalytic subunit hTERT (human Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase) can be regulated by alternative splicing of its mRNA. At the present time, the exact mechanism of hTERT splicing is not fully understood. Apoptotic endonuclease EndoG is known to participate this process. EndoG expression is induced by DNA damages. The aim of this work was to investigate the ability of DNA-damaging agents with different mechanism of action to induce EndoG expression and to inhibit telomerase activity due to the activation of hTERT alternative splicing in normal activated human CD4+ and CD8+ Т lymphocytes. All investigated DNA-damaging agents were able to induce EndoG expression. Cisplatin, a therapeutic compound, producing DNA cross-links induced the highest level of DNA damages and EndoG expression. Incubation of CD4+ and CD8+ Т cells with cisplatin caused the changes in proportion of hTERT splice variants and inhibition of telomerase activity.

Journal

Biochemistry (Moscow) Supplement Series B: Biomedical ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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