Inducing 3D vortical flow patterns with 2D asymmetric actuation of artificial cilia for high-performance active micromixing

Inducing 3D vortical flow patterns with 2D asymmetric actuation of artificial cilia for... Driven by the advancement of the “lab-chip” concept, a new beating behavior of artificial cilia was identified to meet the demands on rapid and complete fluid mixing in miniaturized devices. This beating behavior is characterized by an in-plane asymmetric motion along a modified figure-of-eight trajectory. A typically symmetric figure-of-eight motion was also tested for comparison. Results showed that with this new beating behavior, the mixing efficiency for complete mixing is 1.34 times faster than that with the typical figure-of-eight motion. More importantly, the required beating area was only approximately two-thirds of that in the typical figure-of-eight motion, which is beneficial for more compact designs of various “lab-chip” applications. The unique planar asymmetric motion of the artificial cilia, which enhanced the magnitudes of the induced three-dimensional (3D) flow, was identified by micro-particle image velocimetry (µPIV) measurement and numerical modeling as a major contributor in enhancing microscale mixing efficiency. Quantitatively, 3D vortical flow structures induced by the artificial cilia were presented to elucidate the underlying interaction between the artificial cilia and the surrounding flow fields. With the presented quantification methods and mixing performance results, a new insight is provided by the hydrodynamic advantage of the presented micromixing concept on efficiently mixing highly viscous flow streams at microscale, to leverage the attributes of artificial cilia in the aspect of microscale flow manipulation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Inducing 3D vortical flow patterns with 2D asymmetric actuation of artificial cilia for high-performance active micromixing

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/inducing-3d-vortical-flow-patterns-with-2d-asymmetric-actuation-of-O70sDAP32v
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-014-1765-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Driven by the advancement of the “lab-chip” concept, a new beating behavior of artificial cilia was identified to meet the demands on rapid and complete fluid mixing in miniaturized devices. This beating behavior is characterized by an in-plane asymmetric motion along a modified figure-of-eight trajectory. A typically symmetric figure-of-eight motion was also tested for comparison. Results showed that with this new beating behavior, the mixing efficiency for complete mixing is 1.34 times faster than that with the typical figure-of-eight motion. More importantly, the required beating area was only approximately two-thirds of that in the typical figure-of-eight motion, which is beneficial for more compact designs of various “lab-chip” applications. The unique planar asymmetric motion of the artificial cilia, which enhanced the magnitudes of the induced three-dimensional (3D) flow, was identified by micro-particle image velocimetry (µPIV) measurement and numerical modeling as a major contributor in enhancing microscale mixing efficiency. Quantitatively, 3D vortical flow structures induced by the artificial cilia were presented to elucidate the underlying interaction between the artificial cilia and the surrounding flow fields. With the presented quantification methods and mixing performance results, a new insight is provided by the hydrodynamic advantage of the presented micromixing concept on efficiently mixing highly viscous flow streams at microscale, to leverage the attributes of artificial cilia in the aspect of microscale flow manipulation.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 19, 2014

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off