Independence of yield potential and crop nitrogen response

Independence of yield potential and crop nitrogen response Crop yield level and nitrogen (N) responsiveness influence the demand for fertilizer. If they were found to be unrelated, this would justify using a combination of both for determining fertilizer N requirements. Failure to understand the independence of crop response to N and yield level has led to confusion as to what theory is appropriate for making N fertilizer rate recommendations. The sufficiency approach applies a fixed rate of N at a computed sufficiency level, regardless of yield potential. Alternatively, mid-season optical sensor estimates of yield potential and crop response to additional N provide a physiological basis to estimate N removal and a biologically based N application rate. This study investigated the relationship between grain yield and response to N in long-term wheat and corn experiments. No relationship between response to N and grain yield was found. There was also no relationship between yield and year at two of three sites. Finally, there was no relationship between response to N and year at any site. Because yield and response to N were consistently independent of one another, and as both affect the demand for fertilizer N, estimates of both should be combined to calculate realistic in-season N rates. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Independence of yield potential and crop nitrogen response

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-010-9196-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Crop yield level and nitrogen (N) responsiveness influence the demand for fertilizer. If they were found to be unrelated, this would justify using a combination of both for determining fertilizer N requirements. Failure to understand the independence of crop response to N and yield level has led to confusion as to what theory is appropriate for making N fertilizer rate recommendations. The sufficiency approach applies a fixed rate of N at a computed sufficiency level, regardless of yield potential. Alternatively, mid-season optical sensor estimates of yield potential and crop response to additional N provide a physiological basis to estimate N removal and a biologically based N application rate. This study investigated the relationship between grain yield and response to N in long-term wheat and corn experiments. No relationship between response to N and grain yield was found. There was also no relationship between yield and year at two of three sites. Finally, there was no relationship between response to N and year at any site. Because yield and response to N were consistently independent of one another, and as both affect the demand for fertilizer N, estimates of both should be combined to calculate realistic in-season N rates.

Journal

Precision AgricultureSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 2, 2010

References

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