Increasing co-morbidities in chronic hepatitis B patients: experience in primary care and referral practices during 2000–2015

Increasing co-morbidities in chronic hepatitis B patients: experience in primary care and... Objectives: Data on liver and non-liver co-morbidities in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients are limited. This study analyzes the prevalence of co-morbidities in a multicenter CHB cohort evaluated over 15 years. Methods: This study included 2734 consecutive adult American CHB patients from a university medical center and several community primary care clinics. Data were analyzed by time periods (patients in each time period were unique without overlapping): 2000–2005 (n = 885), 2006–2010 (n = 888), and 2011–2015 (n = 961). Patients were identified via electronic query using diagnosis code with data confirmed and extracted via individual chart review. Most patients were male (57.9%) and Asian (89.6%). Results: Mean age increased significantly from 43.3 ± 13.4 years during 2000–2005 to 49.1 ± 14.4 during 2011–2015 (p < 0.001). Between 2000–2005 and 2011–2015, fatty liver disease among new CHB patients increased from 1.6 to 6.8% (p < 0.001). Advanced liver diseases also increased (p < 0.001): cirrhosis (12.6–24.6%), hepatic decompensation (1.1–7.9%), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (4.9–9.1%). Similar trends were observed for non-liver co-morbidities (p < 0.001). Specifically, diabetes increased almost fivefold (4.9–22.9%), hypertension increased threefold (12.3–36.1%) and chronic kidney disease increased 4.5-fold (4.4–19.7%). Prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis also increased in http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology Springer Journals

Increasing co-morbidities in chronic hepatitis B patients: experience in primary care and referral practices during 2000–2015

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Medicine/Public Health, general; Gastroenterology; Internal Medicine
eISSN
2155-384X
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41424-018-0007-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives: Data on liver and non-liver co-morbidities in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients are limited. This study analyzes the prevalence of co-morbidities in a multicenter CHB cohort evaluated over 15 years. Methods: This study included 2734 consecutive adult American CHB patients from a university medical center and several community primary care clinics. Data were analyzed by time periods (patients in each time period were unique without overlapping): 2000–2005 (n = 885), 2006–2010 (n = 888), and 2011–2015 (n = 961). Patients were identified via electronic query using diagnosis code with data confirmed and extracted via individual chart review. Most patients were male (57.9%) and Asian (89.6%). Results: Mean age increased significantly from 43.3 ± 13.4 years during 2000–2005 to 49.1 ± 14.4 during 2011–2015 (p < 0.001). Between 2000–2005 and 2011–2015, fatty liver disease among new CHB patients increased from 1.6 to 6.8% (p < 0.001). Advanced liver diseases also increased (p < 0.001): cirrhosis (12.6–24.6%), hepatic decompensation (1.1–7.9%), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (4.9–9.1%). Similar trends were observed for non-liver co-morbidities (p < 0.001). Specifically, diabetes increased almost fivefold (4.9–22.9%), hypertension increased threefold (12.3–36.1%) and chronic kidney disease increased 4.5-fold (4.4–19.7%). Prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis also increased in

Journal

Clinical and Translational GastroenterologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 14, 2018

References

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