Increased Activity of Calcium Leak Channels Caused by Proteolysis Near Sarcolemmal Ruptures

Increased Activity of Calcium Leak Channels Caused by Proteolysis Near Sarcolemmal Ruptures Dystrophin, a 427 kD membrane-associated structural protein in muscle cells, is thought to confer strength to the myofiber sarcolemma and protect the membrane from rupture during the stresses of contraction. Dystrophin is absent in muscle cells from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients and mdx mice, a DMD model. Dystrophic muscle membranes undergo more frequent transient, nonlethal tears than normal cell membranes, especially during exercise. In addition, the mean open probability of a background (``leak'') calcium channel is higher in dystrophic muscle cells, which leads to higher intracellular free calcium levels. Because elevated calcium levels may contribute to the eventual necrosis of muscle cells in DMD, we examined the possibility that the history of sarcolemmal rupture at a specific location on the membrane affects the open probability of nearby calcium leak channels. Membrane ruptures left by the excision of cell-attached patch-clamp electrodes were used to mimic natural tears. Patches made within 5 microns of excision sites contained channels with a fourfold greater mean open probability than channels in patches 50 μm away from ruptures. The increased leak channel activity near ruptures was seen continuously through the duration of the recordings and was not seen if the rupture was made in the presence of the protease inhibitor leupeptin. Calcium background channels proteolytically activated near ruptures, perhaps in a calcium-dependent manner, may thus be the lasting consequence of the weaker dystrophic sarcolemma, leading to chronically raised intracellular free calcium, increased calcium-dependent proteolysis and, eventually, necrosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Increased Activity of Calcium Leak Channels Caused by Proteolysis Near Sarcolemmal Ruptures

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/increased-activity-of-calcium-leak-channels-caused-by-proteolysis-near-Yyl8Eg279y
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232001086
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial