Increased Activity of Calcium Leak Channels Caused by Proteolysis Near Sarcolemmal Ruptures

Increased Activity of Calcium Leak Channels Caused by Proteolysis Near Sarcolemmal Ruptures Dystrophin, a 427 kD membrane-associated structural protein in muscle cells, is thought to confer strength to the myofiber sarcolemma and protect the membrane from rupture during the stresses of contraction. Dystrophin is absent in muscle cells from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients and mdx mice, a DMD model. Dystrophic muscle membranes undergo more frequent transient, nonlethal tears than normal cell membranes, especially during exercise. In addition, the mean open probability of a background (``leak'') calcium channel is higher in dystrophic muscle cells, which leads to higher intracellular free calcium levels. Because elevated calcium levels may contribute to the eventual necrosis of muscle cells in DMD, we examined the possibility that the history of sarcolemmal rupture at a specific location on the membrane affects the open probability of nearby calcium leak channels. Membrane ruptures left by the excision of cell-attached patch-clamp electrodes were used to mimic natural tears. Patches made within 5 microns of excision sites contained channels with a fourfold greater mean open probability than channels in patches 50 μm away from ruptures. The increased leak channel activity near ruptures was seen continuously through the duration of the recordings and was not seen if the rupture was made in the presence of the protease inhibitor leupeptin. Calcium background channels proteolytically activated near ruptures, perhaps in a calcium-dependent manner, may thus be the lasting consequence of the weaker dystrophic sarcolemma, leading to chronically raised intracellular free calcium, increased calcium-dependent proteolysis and, eventually, necrosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Increased Activity of Calcium Leak Channels Caused by Proteolysis Near Sarcolemmal Ruptures

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232001086
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dystrophin, a 427 kD membrane-associated structural protein in muscle cells, is thought to confer strength to the myofiber sarcolemma and protect the membrane from rupture during the stresses of contraction. Dystrophin is absent in muscle cells from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients and mdx mice, a DMD model. Dystrophic muscle membranes undergo more frequent transient, nonlethal tears than normal cell membranes, especially during exercise. In addition, the mean open probability of a background (``leak'') calcium channel is higher in dystrophic muscle cells, which leads to higher intracellular free calcium levels. Because elevated calcium levels may contribute to the eventual necrosis of muscle cells in DMD, we examined the possibility that the history of sarcolemmal rupture at a specific location on the membrane affects the open probability of nearby calcium leak channels. Membrane ruptures left by the excision of cell-attached patch-clamp electrodes were used to mimic natural tears. Patches made within 5 microns of excision sites contained channels with a fourfold greater mean open probability than channels in patches 50 μm away from ruptures. The increased leak channel activity near ruptures was seen continuously through the duration of the recordings and was not seen if the rupture was made in the presence of the protease inhibitor leupeptin. Calcium background channels proteolytically activated near ruptures, perhaps in a calcium-dependent manner, may thus be the lasting consequence of the weaker dystrophic sarcolemma, leading to chronically raised intracellular free calcium, increased calcium-dependent proteolysis and, eventually, necrosis.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 15, 2000

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