Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). AKI is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and a greater long-term risk of chronic kidney disease. Objectives To study the incidence and outcome of neonatal AKI in a single Saudi Arabian center, level 2\3 NICU. Methods This single-center prospective cohort study included all infants who received level II or III NICU care during 2015 (January to December). We excluded infants who survived less than 48 h after admission, had evidence of congenital renal anomalies, or had insufficient data. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Both AKI and non-AKI neonates were prospectively followed up until NICU discharge. Outcomes studied included mortality and length of NICU stay. The results of adjusted risk analyses were expressed as relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Results The incidence of AKI (modified neonatal KDIGO stages) was 56% (120/214 patients). Compared with neonates without AKI, those with AKI had a lower birth weight (2202 ± 816 vs. 1570 ± 776 g; p < 0.001) and a lower gestational age (35 ± 3 vs. 32 ± 4 weeks; p
Pediatric Nephrology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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