In Vivo and In Vitro Metabolomic Analysis of Anaerobic Rice Coleoptiles Revealed Unexpected Pathways

In Vivo and In Vitro Metabolomic Analysis of Anaerobic Rice Coleoptiles Revealed Unexpected Pathways The ability of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedling to tolerate extended hypoxia during submergence is largely attributed to the biochemical adaptation of its coleoptile. Rice coleoptiles are capable of sustaining ATP production and cytoplasmic pH, unlike flood-sensitive organs, such as maize shoots. Fermentation reactions leading to the production of ethanol, alanine, succinate, and γ-aminobutyrate (GAB) are active in both types of tissues and thus may not account for the difference in tolerance. We have shown previously that rice coleoptiles undergo nitrate reduction and metabolism, which is efficient in alleviating cytoplasmic acidosis and regenerating NAD. Here, we employed 13C-2-acetate tracer methods with in vivo 13C NMR measurement, including in vivo isotopomer analysis, to probe the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and interacting pathways in rice coleoptiles during anaerobiosis. We found that the TCA cycle underwent multiple turns based on the metabolic scrambling of 13C label patterns in glutamine and malate. The in vivo kinetics of the 13C label incorporation into glutamic acid, glutamine, and GAB supports a separate pool of glutamate that was derived from the glutamate dehydrogenase reaction and subsequently decarboxylated to yield GAB. Both reactions consume additional H+ and/or NADH. Moreover, the higher rate of 13C enrichment at C-3 than C-2 of malate suggests the contribution of the glyoxylate cycle to malate synthesis, which could replenish the TCA cycle carbons diverted to GAB, glutamate, and glutamine synthesis. All of the above reactions contribute to the maintenance of glycolysis for energy production. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

In Vivo and In Vitro Metabolomic Analysis of Anaerobic Rice Coleoptiles Revealed Unexpected Pathways

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial