The present study compares the in vitro efficacy of four chemical acaricides, viz. amitraz, coumaphos, deltamethrin and lindane, against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus and Haemaphysalis bispinosa ticks based on adult immersion tests. Amitraz, at 350 ppm, elicited 29.2 ± 4.17% mortality against R. (B.) annulatus, 100% inhibition of fecundity and absence of hatching of eggs laid by treated ticks. The same compound at 300 ppm caused 62.5 ± 12.5% mortality against H. bispinosa, 96.7% inhibition of fecundity and complete blocking of eclosion. The LC50 value of amitraz against susceptible H. bispinosa was 181 ppm. Deltamethrin at 400 ppm, elicited 25.0 ± 4.81% adult R. (B.) annulatus mortality, 97.5% inhibition of fecundity and absence of egg hatching. Complete blocking of egg hatching was observed even at 30 ppm. However, deltamethrin (at 50 ppm) elicited 75.0 ± 10.76% mortality against H. bispinosa, 65.8% inhibition of fecundity and very low egg hatching (10%). The LC50 for deltamethrin against susceptible H. bispinosa was 33.8 ppm. Coumaphos at 50 ppm, caused mortality of 70.8 ± 4.17% with R. (B.) annulatus whereas 100% mortality was observed against H. bispinosa. The LC50 values of coumaphos against R. (B.) annulatus and H. bispinosa were 9 and 8.75 ppm, respectively. Complete inhibition (100%) of fecundity was observed even at 30 ppm against both parasites. Complete blocking of egg hatching was also observed even at 10 ppm of coumaphos. Lindane at 1000 ppm caused mortality of 87.5 ± 7.98% against R. (B.) annulatus and 83.3% mortality against H. bispinosa at 100 ppm. The LC50 values of lindane against R. (B.) annulatus and H. bispinosa were 157 and 8.61 ppm, respectively. Complete inhibition of fecundity was observed with R. (B.) annulatus treated with lindane above 200 ppm and with H. bispinosa at a concentration above 50 ppm. Complete blocking of egg hatching was observed in R. (B.) annulatus, even at 100 ppm. Lindane caused 100% blocking of egg hatching at 1 ppm in the case of H. bispinosa.
Experimental and Applied Acarology – Springer Journals
Published: May 8, 2018
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