In-situ-generated palladium nanoparticles in novel ionic liquid: an efficient catalytic system for Heck–Matsuda coupling

In-situ-generated palladium nanoparticles in novel ionic liquid: an efficient catalytic system... Keywords Heck–Matsuda  Stereospecific  Nanoparticles  Task-specific IL Introduction The attention towards room temperature task-specific Ionic Liquids (TSILs) has appreciably increased over the last decade as environmental concerns originated from usual synthetic procedures inspired the researchers to investigate alternatives to conventional organic solvents [1, 2]. Some unique characteristics of TSILs such as adjustable physico-chemical properties, negligible vapor pressure and high polarity merged with hydrophobicity provide good solubility for a wide range of organic, inorganic and organometallic compounds [3–6]. ILs have been found in numerous applications not only as environmentally benign reaction media, but also as catalysts and reagents [7]. Furthermore, the highly polar nature of ILs in biphasic system ensures immiscibility with many organic solvents or in certain cases, also with aqueous media, offering unique opportunities for recycling and phase-switching techniques [8–10]. On the catalysis front, many reactions ranging from transition metal- mediated processes to Friedel–Crafts reactions, C–C bond-forming condensations, and cycloadditions are dramatically accelerated in ILs. Because of these particular features, ILs are very attractive liquid media to carry out a plethora of organic transformations. In this perspective, several review articles in the field of catalysis have captured much attention on the utility of this media [11, Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

In-situ-generated palladium nanoparticles in novel ionic liquid: an efficient catalytic system for Heck–Matsuda coupling

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Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
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