A calibration procedure has been derived that permits reliable hot-wire measurements close to walls. When hot wires are calibrated in a free flow and subsequently used for near-wall velocity measurements, erroneous velocity information results because of additional heat losses to the wall. On the other hand, laser-Doppler anemometry (LDA) measurements of local time mean velocities are very little affected by the presence of the wall and this readily suggests in situ calibration of hot wires located just behind the LDA measuring volume and at the same distance from the wall. Calibrations of this kind are described for highly heat-conducting walls and the results show good agreement with corresponding data obtained through numerical investigations. The present investigations permit a generally applicable correction curve to be suggested for hot-wire velocity measurements close to walls of high thermal conductivity.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 2001
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