ISSN 1067-4136, Russian Journal of Ecology, 2008, Vol. 39, No. 6, p. 457. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. Original Russian Text © Editorial Board, 2008, published in Ekologiya, 2008, No. 6, p. 480. CHRONICLE In Memory of Academician P.L. Gorchakovskii (1920–2008) DOI: 10.1134/S1067413608060131 the famous phytosociological school whose alumni carry out intensive research in the Urals and beyond it. Among his students, there are 14 doctors and more than 50 candidates of science. He published more than 400 scientiﬁc works, including 14 monographs. Gorchakovskii made an invaluable contribution to the study of trends in horizontal and vertical differenti- ation of plant cover in the Urals. His monograph Plant World of the High-Mountain Urals (1975) is one of the world’s best synopses on the regional ﬂora and vegeta- tion of highlands. A desk companion for botanists and ecologists is the monograph Basic Problems in Histor- ical Phytogeography of the Urals (1969). Gorchak- ovskii paid great attention to the study of speciﬁc fea- tures of woody and herbaceous plants comprising the broadleaf forest complex at their eastern boundary of their growth in the Southern and Middle Urals (mono- graphs Plants of European Broadleaf Forests at the Eastern Boundary of Their Range (1968) and Broad- leaf Forests and Their Place in the Plant Cover of the Southern Urals (1972), as well as to research on theo- retical and methodological problems in phytoindication The Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology of the of environmental conditions and natural processes in Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences has high mountains. He largely contributed to the develop- lost an outstanding researcher, one of the most authorita- ment of botanical cartography and construction of the tive Russian botanists whose studies on historical phy- Ural parts of vegetation maps of the European part of togeography, chorology, and synanthropization of plant the Soviet Union and the nonchernozem zone of the cover of the Urals have earned him a place in the Hall Russian Federation, as well as to compiling prognostic of Fame of botanical science. Academician Pavel maps of vegetation at different levels of anthropogenic Leonidovich Gorchkovskii passed away on June 4, loads. Problems related to the conservation of plant life, 2008. Beginning from the time when the journal its genetic and cenotic pools, occupied a prominent Ekologiya (Russian Journal of Ecology) was founded place in his works. He participated in the preparation of (1970) and for the rest of his life, Gorchakovskii was a Red Data Books of the Russian Federation, Yamalo- member of the editorial board of this publication and Nenets Autonomous Area, and Sverdlovsk and Chely- largely contributed to the improvement of its quality abinsk oblasts. In his last years, Gorchakovskii paid and repute. great attention to the study of recent tendencies caused Gorchakovskii began his systematic studies on the by anthropogenic factors in the development of plant ﬂora and fauna of the Urals in 1945, when he moved to cover in the Urals and Transural region. He formulated Sverdlovsk and headed the Department of Botany and an original concept of plant cover synanthropization as Dendrology of the Ural Forest Engineering Institute. a strategy of plant life adaptation to environmental con- In 1958, he took charge of the Laboratory of Botany at ditions altered by human activities and proposed an the Institute of Biology, Ural Division of the USSR original method of its assessment using the proportion Academy of Sciences (now this is the Laboratory of of synanthropic species. Phytomonitoring and Conservation of Plant Life at the The life of Academician Gorchakovskii provides an Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Division, example of service to country and science. We will Russian Academy of Sciences). This is where he per- always remember him as an outstanding scientist, formed the fundamental studies that brought him teacher, and remarkable person. worldwide recognition and where he continued work- ing until his last days. Gorchakovskii is the founder of Editorial Board
Russian Journal of Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 9, 2008
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