Improvements on “multiparty quantum key agreement with single particles”

Improvements on “multiparty quantum key agreement with single particles” Recently, Liu et al. (Quantum Inf Process 12: 1797–1805, 2013) proposed a secure multiparty quantum key agreement (MQKA) protocol with single particles. Their protocol allows N parties to negotiate a secret session key in such away that (1) outside eavesdroppers cannot gain the session key without introducing any errors; (2) the session key cannot be determined by any non-trivial subset of the participants. However, the particle efficiency of their protocol is only $$\frac{1}{(k+1)N(N-1)}$$ 1 ( k + 1 ) N ( N - 1 ) . In this paper, we show that the efficiency of the MQKA protocol can be improved to $$\frac{1}{N(k+1)}$$ 1 N ( k + 1 ) by introducing two additional unitary operations. Since, in some scenarios, the secret keys are confidential, neither party is willing to divulge any of the contents to the other. Therefore, in our protocol, no participant can learn anything more than its prescribed output, i.e., the secret keys of the participants can be kept secret during the protocol instead of being exposed to others, thus, the privacy of the protocol is also improved. Furthermore, we explicitly show the scheme is secure. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Improvements on “multiparty quantum key agreement with single particles”

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-013-0608-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Recently, Liu et al. (Quantum Inf Process 12: 1797–1805, 2013) proposed a secure multiparty quantum key agreement (MQKA) protocol with single particles. Their protocol allows N parties to negotiate a secret session key in such away that (1) outside eavesdroppers cannot gain the session key without introducing any errors; (2) the session key cannot be determined by any non-trivial subset of the participants. However, the particle efficiency of their protocol is only $$\frac{1}{(k+1)N(N-1)}$$ 1 ( k + 1 ) N ( N - 1 ) . In this paper, we show that the efficiency of the MQKA protocol can be improved to $$\frac{1}{N(k+1)}$$ 1 N ( k + 1 ) by introducing two additional unitary operations. Since, in some scenarios, the secret keys are confidential, neither party is willing to divulge any of the contents to the other. Therefore, in our protocol, no participant can learn anything more than its prescribed output, i.e., the secret keys of the participants can be kept secret during the protocol instead of being exposed to others, thus, the privacy of the protocol is also improved. Furthermore, we explicitly show the scheme is secure.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 12, 2013

References

  • Multiparty quantum key agreement with single particles
    Bin, L; Fei, G; Wei, H; Qiao Yan, W
  • Eavesdropping on the two-way quantum communication protocols with invisible photons
    Cai, QY
  • New quantum private comparison protocol using epr pairs
    Hsin Yi, T; Jason, L; Tzonelih, H
  • New circular quantum secret sharing for remote agents
    Lin, J; Hwang, T

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