The performance of classifier algorithms used for predictive analytics highly dependent on quality of training data. This requirement demands the need for noise free data or images. The existing partial differential equation based diffusion models can remove noise present in an image but lacking in preserving thin lines, fine details and sharp corners. The classifier algorithms can able to make correct judgement to which class the image belongs to only if all edges are preserved properly during denoising process. To satisfy this requirement the authors proposed a new improved partial differential equation based diffusion algorithm for edge preserving image denoising. The proposed new anisotropic diffusion algorithm is an extension of self-snake diffusion filter which estimates edge and gradient directions as eigenvectors of a structure tensor matrix. The unique feature of this proposed anisotropic diffusion algorithm is diffusion rate at various parts of an image matches with the speed of level set flow. In the proposed algorithm an efficient edge indicator function dependent on the trace of the structure tensor matrix is used. The proposed model performs best in preserving thin lines, sharp corners and fine details since diffusion happens only along edges and diffusion is totally stopped across edges in this model. The additional edge-stopping term which is a vector dot product of derivative of an edge stopping function and derivative of an image computed along gradient and edge orthogonal directions is used in this model as shock filter which enables increased sharpness at all discontinuities. The performance of proposed diffusion algorithm is compared with other classical diffusion filters like conventional perona-malik diffusion, conventional self-snake diffusion methods.
Multimedia Tools and Applications – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 9, 2017
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