Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the advantages of dual-layer spectral CT (DLSCT) in detection and staging of head and neck cancer (HNC) as well as the imaging of tumour margins and infiltration depth compared to conventional contrast enhanced CT (CECT). Materials and methods Thirty-nine patients with a proven diagnosis of HNC were examined with a DLSCT scanner and retrospectively analysed. An age-matched healthy control group of the same size was used. Images were acquired in the venous phase. Virtual monoenergetic 40keV-equivalent (MonoE40) images were compared to CECT-images. Diagnostic confidence for tumour identification and margin detection was rated independently by four experienced observers. The steepness of the Hounsfield unit (HU)-increase at the tumour margin was analysed. External carotid artery branch image reconstructions were performed and their contrast compared to conventional arterial phase imaging. Means were compared using a Student’st-test. ANOVA was used for multiple comparisons. Results MonoE40 images were superior to CECT-images in tumour detection and margin delineation. MonoE40 showed signif- icantly higher attenuation differences between tumour and healthy tissue compared to CECT-images (p < 0.001). The HU-increase at the boundary of the tumour was significantly steeper in MonoE40 images compared to CECT-images (p < 0.001).
European Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera