Improved detection rates and treatment planning of head and neck cancer using dual-layer spectral CT

Improved detection rates and treatment planning of head and neck cancer using dual-layer spectral CT Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the advantages of dual-layer spectral CT (DLSCT) in detection and staging of head and neck cancer (HNC) as well as the imaging of tumour margins and infiltration depth compared to conventional contrast enhanced CT (CECT). Materials and methods Thirty-nine patients with a proven diagnosis of HNC were examined with a DLSCT scanner and retrospectively analysed. An age-matched healthy control group of the same size was used. Images were acquired in the venous phase. Virtual monoenergetic 40keV-equivalent (MonoE40) images were compared to CECT-images. Diagnostic confidence for tumour identification and margin detection was rated independently by four experienced observers. The steepness of the Hounsfield unit (HU)-increase at the tumour margin was analysed. External carotid artery branch image reconstructions were performed and their contrast compared to conventional arterial phase imaging. Means were compared using a Student’st-test. ANOVA was used for multiple comparisons. Results MonoE40 images were superior to CECT-images in tumour detection and margin delineation. MonoE40 showed signif- icantly higher attenuation differences between tumour and healthy tissue compared to CECT-images (p < 0.001). The HU-increase at the boundary of the tumour was significantly steeper in MonoE40 images compared to CECT-images (p < 0.001). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Radiology Springer Journals

Improved detection rates and treatment planning of head and neck cancer using dual-layer spectral CT

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by European Society of Radiology
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Diagnostic Radiology; Interventional Radiology; Neuroradiology; Ultrasound; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0938-7994
eISSN
1432-1084
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00330-018-5511-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the advantages of dual-layer spectral CT (DLSCT) in detection and staging of head and neck cancer (HNC) as well as the imaging of tumour margins and infiltration depth compared to conventional contrast enhanced CT (CECT). Materials and methods Thirty-nine patients with a proven diagnosis of HNC were examined with a DLSCT scanner and retrospectively analysed. An age-matched healthy control group of the same size was used. Images were acquired in the venous phase. Virtual monoenergetic 40keV-equivalent (MonoE40) images were compared to CECT-images. Diagnostic confidence for tumour identification and margin detection was rated independently by four experienced observers. The steepness of the Hounsfield unit (HU)-increase at the tumour margin was analysed. External carotid artery branch image reconstructions were performed and their contrast compared to conventional arterial phase imaging. Means were compared using a Student’st-test. ANOVA was used for multiple comparisons. Results MonoE40 images were superior to CECT-images in tumour detection and margin delineation. MonoE40 showed signif- icantly higher attenuation differences between tumour and healthy tissue compared to CECT-images (p < 0.001). The HU-increase at the boundary of the tumour was significantly steeper in MonoE40 images compared to CECT-images (p < 0.001).

Journal

European RadiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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