A comparison of 5′-flanking sequences from 68 different nuclear plant tRNA genes was analyzed to find consensus sequences. Three conserved features stood out, all of which are present in the tRNALeu gene used in this study: (1) a high proportion of A and T residues upstream of all tRNA genes; (2) a region of low duplex stability about 30–35 bp before the coding sequence, often containing a TATA-box like motif; (3) a CAA triplet in the region of the presumed transcription start. The effect of replacement of the AT-rich upstream sequences with GC-rich sequences or unrelated AT-rich sequences was tested by progressive deletions and by inserting randomly cloned sequences upstream of the tRNA gene. GC-rich 5′-flanking sequences were found to be generally incompatible with high levels of expression. The TATA-box like motifs and the CAA triplet were removed or altered by deletion or directed mutagenesis. Mutation of the CAA triplet significantly decreased expression of the tRNALeu gene, suggesting that this CAA triplet is important for transcription efficiency, but mutation or elimination of the TATA-box like motifs generally had little effect. The presence or absence of each of these features in tRNA genes from other organisms is discussed; there are clear and interesting differences between plant tRNA genes and those of yeast and mammals.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera