The authors present a phenomenological view on dielectric relaxation in polymer electrolytes. Polymer electrolytes are seen as molecular mixtures of an organic polymer and an inorganic salt. The following is based on systems with high molar mass poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and epoxidized natural rubber with 25 mol% of epoxide content (ENR-25) filled with lithium perchlorate (LiClO4). Dielectric properties of these systems have been studied as a function of salt content at room temperature. Additionally, properties of neat low molar mass PEO were studied as function of temperature. Relaxation-coined dielectric behavior rules the system with PEO in the frequency that ranged up to 106 Hz. Imaginary parts of impedance, tangent loss, and electric modulus spectra show distribution of relaxation times. Comparison of tangent loss (tan δ) spectra and imaginary part of electric modulus (M″) spectra reveals that localized motion dominates long-range motion of dipoles in the low-frequency range. However, discrepancy between them decreases with growing salt content. Scaling of tan δ spectra demonstrates that distribution of relaxation times does not depend on salt content in the range of low frequencies. The ENR-25 system exhibits solely relaxation like a macroscopic dipole. In conclusion, the system with PEO is characterized by individual relaxation of well-interacting dipoles, whereas the system based on ENR-25 is coined by immobilized dipoles that lead in the state of high-salt content to the relaxation behavior of a macroscopic dipole.
Ionics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 21, 2017
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